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Marine Conservation - Conservation of Marine Life and Habitats

Conservation and protection of marine life is becoming more important as we better understand the importance of the oceans and our impacts on them. Learn about conservation issues, current events and threats to marine life, ways to help the ocean and how to become an ocean activist.

Earth Day - April 22
The first Earth Day was celebrated on April 22, 1970. The idea was proposed by Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson amid growing concerns about air and water pollution and other environmental problems. Learn more about the history of Earth Day here.

Top Marine Life News Stories of 2010 - 2010 Marine Life News
With increasing awareness of the oceans and the environment, marine life and ocean news are more often in the forefront. The year 2010 was an interesting one for marine life - we had great tragedy, like the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and great excitement, such as the huge number of amazing discoveries associated with the Census of Marine...

Going Green During the Holidays
The holiday season can be fun, festive and filled with celebration. It can also be a time of high impact on the environment. In addition to the fun, holidays involve a huge amount of waste - discarded wrapping paper, packaging, decorations and food, for example. The Clean Air Council estimates that an additional 5 million tons of waste is...

Eco-Friendly Holidays - How Do You Go Green During the Holidays?
The holiday season can be fun, festive and filled with celebration. It can also be a time of high impact on the environment. How do you go green for the holidays? Share your tips and read tips from others.

Should Whales and Dolphins Be Kept In Captivity?
Recent incidents involving whales in captivity have caused many to question the appropriateness of keeping whales in captivity. Others, who dream of up-close study of whales and dolphins or being dolphin trainers, say that the benefits of whales and dolphins in captivity are worth the risk.Should whales and other marine life continue to be held...

Whales and Dolphins in Captivity - How Do You Feel About Orcas and Other...
Share your opinions about marine life in captivity. SeaWorld has suffered the loss of several orca whales in 2010. Should whales and other marine life continue to be held in captivity?

Effects of Oil Spills on Marine Life
Many people became familiar with the disastrous effects of oil spills in 1989 after the Exxon Valdez incident in Prince William Sound, Alaska. That spill is considered the worst oil spill in U.S. history. Overall, the effects of an oil spill depend on a variety of factors, including the weather and other environmental conditions, the composition of the oil and how close it gets to shore. But her…

International Whaling Commission Meeting - June 2010
The International Whaling Commission was established in 1946, "to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry." In recent years, the IWC has evolved with more conservation goals in mind, and an increased effort on protecting whales will be discussed at the IWC's 62nd annual meeting in Agadir, Morocco, June 21-25, 2010…

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill - Share Your News and Experiences About the …
Share your news and experiences about the BP/Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico - What Happened, and How You Can Help
Information on the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon oil rig operated by BP off the coast of Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico. Learn what happened to the Deepwater Horizon, the effects of oil on marine life and the latest news about the BP oil leak.

Effects Of Oil Spills On Sea Turtles
Sea turtles are animals that travel widely, sometimes thousands of miles. They also use the shorelines, crawling up onto beaches to lay their eggs. Because of their endangered status and their wide range, sea turtles are species that are of particular concern in an oil spill. There are several ways that oil can impact sea turtles. Oil can...

World Oceans Day - How to Celebrate World Oceans Day
Users share their ideas and events for celebrating World Oceans Day. World Oceans Day is celebrated every year on June 8. The idea of a day to celebrate the ocean was first proposed in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro by the Government of Canada. The day was unofficially celebrated until 2009, when the United Nations officially declared June 8 of each year World Oceans Day.

What Is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch?
In 1999, a study conducted by the Algalita Marine Research Foundation found 6 pounds of plastic for each pound of surface in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. The area has been dubbed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Learn facts about the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, including what it looks like, about other garbage patches, and what can be done to help.

What Is the Census of Marine Life?
The Census of Marine Life is a 10-year project to study life in the oceans. Learn about the Census of Marine Life, goals of this marine life study and when results will be released.

Brief History of Cod Fishing
A brief history of Atlantic cod fishing, from early fishing using dories and handlines to the modern factory ships used today.

What Is the International Coastal Cleanup?
Each year, hundreds of thousands of volunteers gather to clean the coastline during the International Coastal Cleanup, which was started over 20 years ago by the Ocean Conservancy. Learn about the International Coastal Cleanup, why to do beach cleanups and how you can sign up for the International Coastal Cleanup.

Shark Conservation Act of 2009
To aid in shark conservation and demonstrate the importance of sharks to the U.S., the Shark Conservation Act of 2009 was introduced. Over 70 million sharks are killed annually, and many shark species are considered overfished. Sharks are fished for sport, caught as and hunted for their fins in a practice called shark finning. Overfishing of sharks could be drastic to the ocean food web.

What Is Shark Finning
Shark finning is the process of cutting a fin off a shark. The rest of the shark's body is cast into the sea, sometimes still alive. Even though the fins do not have any taste, they are a sought-after commodity for shark fin soup, which is a delicacy in Asian cultures and a dish served at special occasions.

Shark Conservation Act of 2009
To aid in shark conservation and demonstrate the importance of sharks to the U.S., the Shark Conservation Act of 2009 was introduced. Over 70 million sharks are killed annually, and many shark species are considered overfished. Sharks are fished for sport, caught as and hunted for their fins in a practice called shark finning. Overfishing of...

Marine Conservation
Learn about marine conservation, threats and issues facing marine life and what you can do to help protect marine life.

What Is Marine Conservation?
Marine conservation is the protection of marine species and ecosystems in oceans and seas worldwide. It involves protection and restoration of species, populations and habitats and mitigating human activities such as overfishing, habitat destruction, pollution, whaling and other issues that effect marine life and marine habitats.

Turtle Excluder Device (TED)
Turtle excluder devices (TEDs) were created to protect sea turtles from getting caught in shrimp nets. The TED is attached to a shrimp trawling net and is a grid of metal bars that has an opening at the top or bottom, creating a hatch that allows sea turtles and larger fish to escape. Small animals such as shrimp go between the bars and are caught in the end of the trawl.

Whales and Entanglements
Entanglement in fishing gear is one of the major threats to whales today. Learn about whale entanglements in fishing gear, and how whales are rescued.

World Oceans Day - What Is World Oceans Day
This year, the United Nations officially declared June 8 of each year World Oceans Day, a day to celebrate the oceans. Learn about the history of World Oceans Day, why the oceans are important and what you can do to protect the oceans.

Easy Ways to Protect Marine Life
The ocean is downstream of everything, so all of our actions, no matter where we live, effect the ocean and the marine life it holds. Those who live right on the coastline will have the most direct impact on the ocean, but even if you live far inland, there are many things you can do that will help marine life.

I Protect Marine Life By...
Even if you don't live near a coastline, there are many things you can do to protect marine life. Share the ways that you help protect marine life, from simple behavior changes at home to volunteering or working with marine life or doing hands-on projects to protect the marine environment.

What Is Ocean Acidification?
Ocean acidification is the process by which the pH of the oceans is lowered due to absorption of carbon dioxide. The oceans have helped the global warming problem for thousands of years by absorbing carbon dioxide. Now the basic chemistry of the oceans is changing because of our activities, with devastating consequences for marine life.

Choosing Sustainable Seafood - Seafood Choices That Are Good for the Environment
Do you love seafood but worry about the environmental impacts of what you’re eating? Here are some ways you can learn more about seafood choices and what you need to know to ask the right questions when you purchase, whether it’s at the grocery store, a fish market or in a restaurant.

What Is Coral Bleaching?
Coral bleaching happens when coral polyps, the animals that build corals, shed the algae - zooxanthellae - that give them their color, and which are necessary for their survival. The coral is then bleached, or white in appearance.

Whaling and the International Whaling Commission
Whaling ended its popularity in the U.S. in the 18th century, so some are surprised to find out it still occurs in the world. The International Whaling Commission (IWC) put a pause in whaling, or a moratorium, in place in 1982, and it became effective in 1985-86. If a country wants to hunt whales these days, there are three ways it can do so.

Supreme Court Allows U.S. Navy to Use Sonar That May Harm Whales
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on November 12, 2008 that the U.S. Navy could continue using high-powered sonar as part of its training exercises, possibly at the expense of whales and other marine mammals. Sonar has been demonstrated to cause hearing and organ damage, and symptoms similar to the "bends" in whales, and also disrupts their ability to find prey, breed and navigate.

What Are Invasive Species?
Countries around the world are the recipients of unwanted visitors each year – invasive species. Invasive species can be plants, animals or other organisms such as microbes. They are introduced into new habitats primarily by humans. Learn what an invasive species is and how they effect the environment.

Aquaculture Makes Splash with Scientists and Consumers
Learn about the pros and cons of aquaculture, or fish farming, including whether it can meet the huge demand for seafood.

What Is that International Whaling Commission (IWC)?
A description of the International Whaling Commission.

NOAA Fisheries - National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA is charged with managing fisheries, protecting marine species and conserving marine habitat in the U.S. Visit the NOAA site to learn about marine regulations, careers and the work of NOAA.

IUCN Red List of Endangered Species
The IUCN evaluates animal and plant species and reports on their taxonomy, distribution and status. The Red List classifies the species of most concern to help further their conservation.

Ocean Conservancy
Ocean Conservancy's mission is to promote healthy and diverse ocean ecosystems and oppose practices that threaten ocean life and human life. Visit this site to learn about the Ocean Conservancy's efforts to inform, inspire and empower people to help the oceans.

Trash Islands - The Ocean Garbage Patch Trash Islands
As our global population expands so too does the amount of trash we produce. A large portion of this trash then ends up in the world's oceans. Due to oceanic currents much of the trash in the sea is carried to a number of areas where the currents meet.

MarineBio
MarineBio is a non-profit organization that describes itself as "an evolving online tribute to ocean life, an introduction to marine biology and what you need to know about marine conservation." Visit this site for information on marine species, careers, conservation information and more.

Seafood Watch Program - A Consumer's Guide to Sustainable Seafood
Love seafood? Concerned about the environment? There are many seafood choices that are more eco-friendly. You can visit this site from the Monterey Bay Aquarium and print out your own sustainable seafood guide.

American Cetacean Society
The American Cetacean Society,founded in 1967, protects whales, dolphins, porpoises, and their habitats through public education, research grants, and conservation actions.

International Whaling Commission
The International Whaling Commission provides for the conservation of whale stocks and management of whaling. On this site, you will find lots of information on whales, but updates on what is going on with whaling and hunting regulations around the world.

ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas)
Information about ICCAT, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. This commission studies the stock sizes of Atlantic tuna and tuna-like species and makes recommendations on fishing quotas.

Marine Fish Conservation Network
The Marine Fish Conservation Network is a national coalition that promotes the long-term sustainability of marine fish. Its members include environmental organizations, fishing associations, aquariums and marine science groups. Learn about current legislation regarding marine fish, conservation issues and different marine fish species.

Marine Mammal Protection Act
Learn about the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

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