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What Is Marine Conservation?

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Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Key Largo, Florida, USA
Stephen Frink/Photographer's Choice RF/Getty Images
Question: What Is Marine Conservation?
As human impacts on the marine environment increase, marine conservation is a growing field.
Answer:

Marine conservation is the protection of marine species and ecosystems in oceans and seas worldwide. It involves protection and restoration of species, populations and habitats and mitigating human activities such as overfishing, habitat destruction, pollution, whaling and other issues that effect marine life and habitats.

Marine Conservation Techniques

Marine conservation work can be done by enforcing and creating laws, such as the Endangered Species Act and Marine Mammal Protection Act. It can also be done by establishing marine protected areas, studying populations through conducting stock assessments and mitigating human activities with the goal of restoring populations.

Marine Conservation Issues

Current and emerging issues in marine conservation include:

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