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American Lobster (Homarus americanus)

Learn About the Fascinating Life of America's Tastiest Crustacean


When you imagine a lobster, you might imagine a red critter on a plate with a side of butter and corn on the cob. In real life, the American lobster (Homarus americanus) has a fascinating, long life.

American lobsters, also called Maine lobsters, are common on the east coast of North America from Labrador, Canada to North Carolina. While they are common in in-shore areas, they can also be found in offshore areas, and some lobsters migrate between inshore and offshore areas.

Lobsters are territorial creatures, and usually reside in a rocky cave, which they aggressively defend from intruders. This aggression simmers a bit during mating time, though, when a male will let a female into his cave, where she molts, they mate, and then she eventually leaves him to continue defending his territory.

Lobsters live a long time, with estimates ranging from 50-100 years.

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American Lobster ImageAmerican Lobster (Homarus americanus) in a Tide PoolAmerican Lobster On a Lobster Trap / NOAAAmerican Lobster (Homarus americanus)Blue Lobster / Jennifer KennedyA Rare Blue-Colored American LobsterBlue Lobster / Jennifer KennedyAmerican Lobster
Orange Lobster / Jennifer KennedyAmerican Lobster American Lobsters With and Without Eggs / NOAA NEFSCFemale Lobsters With and Without EggsBlue American Lobster / NOAA NEFSCBlue American Lobster (Homarus americanus)Yellow Lobster / Jennifer KennedyAmerican Lobster
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